عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Changes in physiological, biochemical and histological to estimate the influence of living organisms, chemicals and environmental pollutants has become increasingly important. These changes reflect the changes in biomarkers that are being identified. Biomarkers can be based on the type and characteristics of its various surfaces such as cellular, molecular, population and ecosystem are discussed. According to researchers biomarkers can be categorized into two types based on the application and the response of organisms to anti-life substances. Usually the concentration of pollutants in the environment studied is much lower than the detection limit of the laboratory measurement instruments. So without the Signs of pollution, the effects of these substances on live components can be recognized. Biological markers (biomarkers) based ondiversity, their application can be effective and the sensible characteristics that can make them as the monitoring tools in variety of science are specificity, sensitivity and practicality.
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