بررسی مشخصات فنی تورهای گوشگیر و ترال در استان بوشهر، خلیج فارس

نوع مقاله: فنی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان. گروه تولید و بهره‌داری آبزیان. دانشیار گروه تولید و بهره‌داری آبزیان

2 گروه شیلات، دانشکده علوم و فنون دریایی و جوی، دانشگاه هرمزگان، بندرعباس

3 دانشیار گروه شیلات، دانشکده شیلات و محیط زیست، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، گلستان

چکیده

از آنجا که اطلاعاتی جامعی از وضعیت ادوات صید و تجهیزات ناوبری ناوگان صید سنتی در استان بوشهر در دسترس نیست، این مطالعه در محدوده استان بوشهر و طی سالهای 1395 تا 1397 انجام شد. بدین منظور، 10 درصد شناورهای موجود به عنوان نمونه و به تفکیک روش‌های صید گوشگیر و ترال به صورت تصادفی انتخاب شدند و از نظر خصوصیات فنی ادوات صید مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. همچنین شناورها از نظر تجهیزات ناوبری و ایمنی مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. نتایج موجود نشان دهنده عدم تطابق تورهای گوشگیر با آئین نامه‌های استاندارد ادوات صید بودند. همچنین بررسی تورهای ترال لنج‌ها نشان داد که اندازه چشمه آنها کوچکتر از مقادیر تعریف شده برای این تورها است. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد که لنج‌های صیادی از نظر تجهیزات ناوبری و ایمنی در وضعیت متوسطی می‌باشند. با توجه به نتایج حاصل از این مطالعه، تدوین و اجرای آئین‌نامه‌های جامع ادوات صید استاندارد در جامعه صید سنتی امری ضروری به نظر می‌رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of technical characteristics of trawls and gillnets in Bushehr province, Persian Gulf

نویسندگان [English]

  • s. y paighambari 1
  • M Parsa 2
  • M Pouladi 3
1 Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Golestan, Iran
2 Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan, Iran
3 Fisheries Department, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. Golestan, Gorgan, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research was carried out within two years (2016-2018) in Bushehr province due to limited information about the fishing and navigation equipment of the traditional fishing fleet. For this purpose, 10% of gillnet and trawl vessels were selected randomly as a sample and then technical characteristics of fishing tools were investigated. Also, their navigation and safety equipment were considered. The results showed that trawl and gillnets are not in compliance with standard regulations. The investigated trawl nets showed that their mesh sizes were smaller than defined sizes for these nets. The results showed that vessels are in moderate condition in terms of navigation and safety equipment. According to the obtained results, development, and implementation of comprehensive regulations of standard fishery tools in the traditional fishery community is necessary.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bushehr Province
  • Gillnet
  • Trawl
  • Navigation equipment
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