نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد زیست فناوری دریا، دانشکده علوم و فنون دریایی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس بوشهر

2 استادیار گروه زیست فناوری دریا، دانشکده علوم و فنون دریایی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس بوشهر

چکیده

تپه های مرجانی اکوسیستم های منحصر به فرد دریایی هستند که در نتیجه فشار های ناشی از فعالیت های انسانی بصورت گسترده ای تخریب شده اند و خطر حذف کامل آنها از دریاها در آینده نزدیک وجود دارد. گرم شدن کره زمین، تغییرات اقلیمی، غواصی و ماهیگیری تفریحی، استخراج نفت و ساخت و سازهای غیر اصولی در مناطق همجوار این اکوسیستم، موجب از رفتن سریع بسیاری از صخره های مرجانی شده است که بعید به نظر می رسد وضعیت آنها در چند دهه آینده بهبود یابد مگراینکه بازسازی و ترمیم فیزیکی و بیولوژیکی آنها در کنار ترفندهای مدیریتی مناسب زیست محیطی به صورت جدی و گسترده انجام گیرد. در این مطالعه روش های بازسازی مرجان ها و چالش های آن مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است.هدف از این مطالعه مروری بر روش‌های بازسازی فیزیکی و بیولوژیکی مرجان‌ها و چالش‌های مرتبط با آن می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

A review of physical and biological methods for coral reefs restoration

نویسندگان [English]

  • nasim setayesh manesh 1
  • mandana zarei 2

1 department of marine biotechnology, faculty of marine science and technology, persian gulf university. bushehr, iran

2 department of marine biotechnology, faculty of marine science and technology, Persian gulf university, bushehr, IRAN

چکیده [English]

The unique marine ecosystems of coral reefs express varying levels of degradation as a result of increasing anthropogenic pressures. Ironically the conventional management plans increased accessibility to many reef localities and enhanced dramatically the impact of tourism on reef habitats. Recreational activities including SCUBA, fishing, and human trampling and other damage caused by visitors are causing a rapid deterioration of many reefs. That are unlikely to recover even over many decades unless some physical and biological restoration is carried out .In this paper is being explored for Management projects for ideas, information and lively discussion of reef restoration concepts, issues and techniques.The purpose of this paper is to review the physical and biological regeneration methods of corals and their associated challenges.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • physical and biological restoration
  • repair of damaged reefs
  • Artificial reef

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