عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
An exceptional privilege is the principle of equality, by which the creditor is prosecuted for a certain property of the debtor's property; The right to choose others. This request is in some cases eligible, and if a creditor has the right to pursue, then the debtor's property will be subject to an objective right. Therefore, the predecessor's request has two unique features. The footprint of this petition is found in various laws. The maritime law in the various materials expresses implicitly the nature of the petitioner and identifies many instances of this institution. The legislator has foreseen for various creditors the right to pursue "ship", "carriage fare" and "accessories". Thus, creditors, under the law, levy a certain amount of their debtor's property, in such a way that the property is placed on the bonds of the creditor. Obviously, Identifying this desire to apply the principle of equality as much as possible. The main purpose of identifying points for these claims is to support the creditor, the total creditors and the community. In order to identify this desire, it may be possible, in some cases, to exercise special privilege, to ignore other demands. This privilege sometimes reveals similar, sometimes non-identical, demands. The confrontation between multiple claims must be resolved on a reasonable basis, and a specific method must be provided.