ارائه راهکار کنترل و جلوگیری از رشد رسوبات زیستی و کشتی چسب (Barnacles) در بدنه کشتی ها و تاسیسات دریایی

نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده شیلات و محیط زیست، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

2 استادیار گروه شیلات، دانشکده شیلات و محیط زیست، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

چکیده

هدف از این مطالعه ارائه راه‌کاری به‌منظور جلوگیری از رشد بارناکل‌ها در بدنه کشتی‌ها و تاسیسات دریایی می‌باشد. بارناکل‌ها و رسوبات زیستی برای صنایع دریایی مشکلاتی را ایجاد می‌کنند و سالانه باعث زیان‌های اقتصادی فراوانی می‌شوند. بسیاری از مولکول-های خاصی به عنوان لاکتون ماکروسیکلیک (ایورمکتین) شناخته شده‌اند. که به طور معمول توسط باکتری خاصی تولید می‌شوند. هنگامی که این مولکول‌ها با پوشش ضدخزه ترکیب شوند، مانع از رشد بارناکل‌ها می‌شوند. لاکتون ماکروسیکلیک می‌تواند جایگزین مس در پوشش‌های ضد خزه شود. یکی دیگر از ترکیبات مهار کننده، Catemines و نانوذرات پنتواکسید وانادیوم که به عنوان روش‌های جدید که مانع از رشد جلبک و باکتری می‌شود. برای انتخاب سیستم رنگ مناسب باید به عوامل طراحی و کاربری و محیطی نیز توجه نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Presenting some Strategies for control and Growth inhibition of biological deposits and fouling organism (Barnacles) in the body of ships and offshore installations

نویسندگان [English]

  • fatemeh darabitabar 1
  • Seyyed Aliakbar Hedayati 2
1 Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
2 Gorgan University of Agriculture and Natural Resources
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study is to provide a mechanism to prevent the growth of barnacles on ship hulls and marine installations. Barnacles and biological deposits can cause problems for the offshore industry and annually causes economic losses are great. Macrocyclic lactones as many specific molecules (ivermectin) have been identified. Are produced by certain bacteria that normally. When these molecules are combined with antifouling coatings prevent the growth of barnacles are. Macrocyclic lactones can be replaced by copper in antifouling coatings. Another inhibitor compounds, Catemines vanadium pentoxide nanoparticles as new ways to prevent the growth of algae and bacterial. To select the appropriate color system designers and users and environmental factors must be considered.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Barnacles
  • Macrocyclic lactones
  • antifouling coatings
  • Ship hulls
  • Biological deposits

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