An Empirical Study on EDI Diffusion in the Iranian Maritime Trade


Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is commonly defined as an application-to-application transfer of business documents between computers using industry-defined standards which enable organizations to send and receive business communications more quickly, flexibly, cheaply, and with higher security than conventional communications. With improvements in the quality and affordability of data communications systems, EDI has become more attractive to all types of organizations. Given the global use of shipping documents, such as bills of lading and charterparties, this paper summarizes the background and development of EDI and the benefits obtained from its integration into Iranian shipping industry, with special focus on the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Line (IRISL) and Port and Maritime Organization of Iran (PMO) as the major Iranian shipping companies. Also, it proposes the usage of satellite on move system to facilitate the electrical communication, both ashore and aboard


عنوان مقاله [English]

مطالعه تجربی حوزه نفوذ تبادل الکترونیک اطلاعات در تجارت دریایی ایران

چکیده [English]

تبادل داده ها و اطلاعات تجاری در سیستم های کامپیوتری و با استفاده از استانداردهای جهانی از پیش تعریف شده به عنوان تبادل الکترونیک اطلاعات شناخته می شود که تبادل سریع تر، ارزان تر و با امنیت بالاتر را برای کاربران میسر می سازد. امروزه با پیشرفت های روزافزون در  سیستم های تبادل داده ها، از تبادل الکترونیک اطلاعات در سازمان های مختلف بیش از پیش استفاده می شود. با توجه به استفاده بین المللی از اسناد رایج در تجارت دریایی مانند بارنامه ها و چارتر پارتی ها، این مقاله پس از معرفی سیستم تبادل الکترونیک اطلاعات، به منافع حاصل از اجرای آن و نیز حوزه نفوذ آن در کشتیرانی جمهوری اسلامی ایران و سازمان بنادر و دریانوردی ایران به عنوان دو رکن اصلی تجارت دریایی ایران می پردازد. همچنین در این مقاله سیستم آنتن متحرک ردگیری به عنوان یکی از سیستم های اصلی پشتیبانی ارتباطات ماهواره ای و الکترونیکی بررسی می شود. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • تجارت الکترونیک
  • تبادل الکترونیک اطلاعات
  • تجارت دریایی
  • کشتیرانی
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